Do Mini Splits Qualify for Tax Credit?

Mini-split heat pumps, also known as ductless air conditioners, have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their energy efficiency, flexibility, and ease of installation. One of the key benefits of investing in a mini-split system is the potential to qualify for valuable tax credits, which can significantly offset the initial cost of the equipment and installation.

Eligibility Criteria for Mini-Split Tax Credits

To qualify for the federal tax credit, your mini-split system must meet the following criteria:

  1. Energy Efficiency Standards: The mini-split system must meet or exceed the minimum energy efficiency standards set by the government. This typically involves a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) of at least 16 and a Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) of at least 8.5.

  2. Principal Residence: The mini-split system must be installed in your primary residence, which is the home where you live for the majority of the year.

  3. Location: The residence where the mini-split system is installed must be located in the United States.

  4. Eligible Equipment: The tax credit applies to the purchase and installation of qualifying mini-split heat pumps, not to other types of HVAC equipment.

Tax Credit Amounts and Claiming the Credit

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For the 2023 tax year, the federal tax credit for energy-efficient mini-split heat pumps is 30% of the total cost, up to a maximum credit of $2,000. This credit is claimed using IRS Form 5695, which can be found on the IRS website.

To claim the credit, you’ll need to provide the following information:

  1. System Details: Provide the make, model, and efficiency ratings (SEER and HSPF) of your mini-split system.

  2. Installation Costs: Itemize the costs for the equipment, labor, and any other related expenses.

  3. Receipts and Documentation: Retain all receipts and documentation related to the purchase and installation of the mini-split system, as you may be required to provide this information to the IRS.

  4. Principal Residence Verification: Demonstrate that the mini-split system was installed in your primary residence, which is the home where you live for the majority of the year.

Avoiding Common Mistakes

To ensure a successful tax credit claim, it’s important to avoid the following common mistakes:

  1. Ineligible Equipment: Verify that your mini-split system meets the minimum energy efficiency standards before making a purchase.

  2. Incomplete Documentation: Carefully retain all receipts and documentation related to the mini-split system purchase and installation.

  3. Improper Installation: Hire a qualified and experienced HVAC contractor to ensure the mini-split system is installed correctly, as an improper installation can jeopardize your eligibility for the tax credit.

  4. Failure to Claim the Credit: Don’t forget to claim the tax credit on your federal income tax return using IRS Form 5695.

Additional Considerations

In addition to the federal tax credit, some states and local governments may offer additional incentives or rebates for the installation of energy-efficient HVAC systems, including mini-splits. Be sure to research any available state or local programs that could further offset the cost of your mini-split investment.


Mini-split heat pumps can qualify for valuable federal tax credits, but homeowners must ensure that their system meets the necessary energy efficiency standards, retain all relevant documentation, and properly claim the credit on their tax return. By taking advantage of these tax incentives, homeowners can significantly reduce the overall cost of upgrading to a more energy-efficient HVAC system, ultimately leading to long-term energy savings and a more comfortable living environment.