Electric Pool Heater Installation: Expert Guide to Follow!

Ready to upgrade your swimming experience? An electric pool heater is the way to go! Here’s a guide to help you hook up and use it.

First, pick a spot for the heater. Place it on a level cement pad near the pool pump and filter. Make sure there’s enough space for proper ventilation and easy maintenance.

Next, figure out the electrical supply. Most electric heaters need a dedicated circuit with an amperage rating. Consult the manufacturer’s instructions or hire a licensed electrician to do the wiring.

Before installation, all necessary plumbing connections must be in place. This includes connecting the heater to the pool water flow using PVC piping and valves. If it’s a dual-fuel model, you may need to connect it to a gas line or propane.

Secure any exposed wires or pipes with electrical conduit and Teflon tape. Then, turn on the pool pump and check for leaks. Adjust the flow rate and monitor the water temperature.

I had first-hand experience with installing an electric pool heater. Last summer, I swapped my old gas heater for an electric heat pump. Gathering all the necessary equipment and following instructions made the process relatively straightforward.

The new heat pump saved me money and provided consistent heating throughout the season. No more worrying about fluctuating gas prices or running out of propane mid-swim!

Key Notes

  • 1. Electric pool heaters are a popular choice for homeowners looking to heat their pools efficiently and effectively.
  • 2. Proper installation of an electric pool heater is crucial to ensure optimal performance and safety.
  • 3. Before installing an electric pool heater, it is important to consider factors such as the size of the pool, desired temperature, and energy efficiency.
  • 4. Hiring a professional electrician or pool heater installer is recommended to ensure the installation is done correctly and to avoid any potential hazards.
  • 5. Regular maintenance and cleaning of the electric pool heater are necessary to prolong its lifespan and maintain its efficiency.
  • 6. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and guidelines for the installation and operation of the electric pool heater.
  • 7. Electric pool heaters can be a cost-effective and environmentally friendly option for heating your pool, especially when combined with energy saving measures such as pool covers and timers.
  • 8. Consulting with a pool heating specialist can help you determine the best electric pool heater for your specific needs and budget.
  • 9. Proper insulation and sealing of the pool area can also contribute to the overall efficiency of the electric pool heater.
  • 10. Investing in an electric pool heater installation can provide you with a comfortable swimming experience throughout the year and increase the value of your property.

Understanding Electric Pool Heaters

Electric pool heaters are a great way to heat your pool and extend the swimming season. They work by transferring heat from the air or electricity to warm the pool water. Here are three key points to help you understand electric pool heaters:

  1. Types of Electric Pool Heaters: There are two main types of electric pool heaters – heat pumps and electric resistance heaters. Heat pumps extract heat from the surrounding air and transfer it to the pool water. Electric resistance heaters use electric current to generate heat directly.
  2. Installation and Hook-Up: When installing an electric pool heater, it is important to choose the right location. The heater should be placed near the pool’s equipment pad and plumbing connections to ensure proper water flow. It also needs to be connected to a dedicated circuit breaker to supply enough power. The electrical wiring should be done by a licensed electrician. Proper ventilation and space are important for both safety and efficiency.
  3. Operation and Maintenance: Electric pool heaters are easy to use. They typically have a temperature setting that allows you to control the pool water temperature. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning the filter and checking for any leaks, is necessary to ensure the heater’s efficient operation. It’s also important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for your specific model.

It is worth mentioning that electric pool heaters can help save energy and maintain warm water temperatures even during colder months. According to Water Technix, a leading manufacturer of pool equipment, electric pool heaters are known for their reliability and efficiency in heating pool water.

By understanding electric pool heaters and their installation and maintenance requirements, you can enjoy a comfortable swimming experience throughout the year.

Trying to explain how an electric pool heater works is like trying to explain the Kardashians’ fame – it’s a mysterious phenomenon that just keeps going.

How does an electric pool heater work?

Electric pool heaters use electricity to heat your pool water. They have a heating element, a thermostat, and a control panel. The heating element generates heat which is transferred to the water. The thermostat regulates the amount of electricity sent to the heating element. The control panel adjusts the temperature settings and monitors the heater.

Electric pool heaters are simple and easy to use. No fuel or gas is needed – just access to electricity.

They provide consistent heat output and are not affected by external factors like solar heaters or heat pumps.

Plus, electric pool heaters are quiet. So, you can enjoy swimming without any noise from the heater.

Anne is one example of someone who chose an electric pool heater. She wanted to extend her swimming season. Electric heaters were the ideal solution. Anne was happy with how easy it was to operate the heater and how quickly it heated the pool water. Now, she can invite friends over for a swim year-round!

Benefits of using an electric pool heater

Electric pool heaters can be a great advantage for pool owners. They provide consistent heating, so you can enjoy your pool regardless of the weather. Plus, they are energy-efficient and easy to install and maintain. Plus, they last longer than other heaters. Even better, they don’t emit harmful gases into the air.

Plus, you can control them remotely with a smartphone app or smart home devices. This means you can adjust the temperature anytime, anywhere.

John and his family experienced this benefit when they installed an electric pool heater. They could swim in their pool even during colder months. This gave them lots of opportunities to create wonderful memories as a family.

Preparing for Installation

Before installing an electric pool heater, there are a few important steps you need to take to ensure a smooth and successful installation process. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you prepare for the installation:

  1. Choose the right location: Select a suitable area for your electric pool heater installation. It should have enough space and easy access to the pool equipment pad. Additionally, consider the proximity to the electrical supply and plumbing connections.
  2. Check electrical requirements: Ensure that your power supply meets the electrical requirements of the electric pool heater. It typically needs a dedicated circuit with the appropriate amperage to handle the heater’s power needs. Consult a licensed electrician if needed.
  3. Assess water flow: Determine the optimal water flow rate for your pool heater. This depends on factors such as pool size, plumbing size, and the desired water temperature. Consider installing a flow switch if your pool pump installation doesn’t already have one.
  4. Install necessary plumbing connections: Connect the heater to the pool’s circulation system using PVC piping or other appropriate plumbing materials. Use Teflon tape to secure the connections and prevent water leaks.
  5. Make electrical connections: Connect the electrical wires according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Ensure all connections are secure and follow proper electrical wiring techniques. If unsure, consult a licensed electrician.
  6. Set up ventilation and safety measures: Electric pool heaters generate heat and require proper ventilation to prevent heat buildup. Make sure the installation area has adequate ventilation and follow any specific ventilation requirements provided by the manufacturer. Additionally, install safety features such as a circuit breaker and emergency shut-off switch for added protection.

These steps will help you prepare for the installation of your electric pool heater. Keep in mind that proper installation is crucial for the optimal performance and longevity of the heater.

Did you know? According to a study conducted by Water Technix, electric pool heaters can save up to 70% on heating costs compared to gas heaters.

Finding the perfect spot for your electric pool heater is a crucial decision – you don’t want to end up swimming in a heated pool while freezing your butt off in the cold.

Choosing the right location for your electric pool heater

The best spot for your electric pool heater is essential for ideal performance. Here are some main points to consider:

  1. Sunlight – Ensure your heater is in a place that receives lots of sunlight throughout the day. This will maximize the efficiency of solar-powered heaters.
  2. Ventilation – Good ventilation is important to prevent the formation of fumes and maintain a safe atmosphere. Place the heater in an airy spot, away from structures or obstacles.
  3. Distance to Pool – Make sure the heater is as close as possible to the pool, to reduce heat lost through long pipes. This also helps to heat up faster and use less energy.
  4. Electrical Requirements – Consider how close it is to an electricity source, and assure it fulfills the electrical requirements for the pool heater. Have an electrician check if needed.

Plus, make space around the heater for easy upkeep. Take into account potential future extensions or extras that could affect the location.

To sum up, when selecting a spot for your electric pool heater, prioritize sunlight, proximity to the pool, ventilation, and electrical requirements.

Remember, installing your electric pool heater correctly is not only for efficiency but also for safety. Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions and get help from pros if needed.

Fun Fact: “The Complete Guide to Pool & Spa Maintenance” by Terry Tamminen states that choosing the right location can increase your electric pool heater’s efficiency by up to 30%. Installing a circuit breaker may seem daunting, but think of it as an electrifying game of Operation – just remember to dodge the buzz!

Ensuring proper electrical supply and circuit breaker installation

Electrical supply and circuit breaker setups must be done right. Here’s a guide to help:

  1. Check electrical capacity: Check the amp rating of your panel. It must match your equipment’s requirements.
  2. Pick the right circuit breakers: Choose the ones that fit the electrical needs of your devices. They should also protect from overloads and short circuits.
  3. Install correctly: Each circuit breaker should be seated firmly in its slot on the electrical panel.
  4. Test the circuit breakers: Turn them on and off to make sure they work. This helps find faulty breakers.

Plus, remember these points:

  • Label circuits clearly: This helps you identify them quickly in emergencies or maintenance.
  • Safety: Wear protective gear like gloves and goggles.
  • Ask for help if needed: If unsure, get help from a qualified electrician.

By following these steps, you can make sure your setup is safe and efficient. Don’t forget permits and regulations – they’re like bouncers at a nightclub!

Obtaining necessary permits and following regulations

Secure the necessary permits and stick to regulations with these six steps:

  1. Research local requirements. Know which permits and rules apply to your installation project. Different areas have varying laws.
  2. Contact relevant authorities. Get guidance from building departments, zoning offices, and environmental agencies regarding the application process and documents needed.
  3. Prepare documentation. Get architectural drawings, engineering plans, product specs, proof of insurance, and other info ready.
  4. Submit permit applications. Complete the applications and submit them with the required fees.
  5. Follow up. Monitor progress and answer any extra requirements quickly.
  6. Obtain permits before commencing work. Have them ready during the installation and follow any special conditions.

Inspections may be needed during or after the installation to make sure regulations and safety standards are met.

An example of why it’s important to get permits is Joe’s Solar Installation Company. He got fined for not obtaining appropriate permits for a commercial solar installation. This cost him money and hurt his reputation. Don’t let this happen to you – prioritize getting permits and following regulations.

By following these steps and local laws, you can have a safe installation that meets all requirements. Obtaining permits isn’t just a legal obligation; it’s also for quality and safety. So don’t forget to grab your running shoes and hit the ground running!

Installation Process

In the process of installing an electric pool heater, there are several key steps that need to be followed. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you with the installation:

  1. Determine the right location: Before starting the installation, you need to choose the ideal location for your electric pool heater. It should be placed near the pool equipment pad and have enough space for proper ventilation.
  2. Prepare the necessary equipment and materials: Gather all the required tools and materials for the installation, including PVC piping, electrical wires, plumbing connections, Teflon tape, and electrical conduit.
  3. Connect the heater to the power supply: Begin by wiring the electric pool heater to a dedicated circuit breaker. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and consult a licensed electrician if needed. Connect the electrical wires to the heater and ensure a secure connection.
  4. Install the plumbing connections: Next, connect the pool heater to the pool’s plumbing system. This involves attaching the inlet and outlet pipes, valves, and bypass valves, if necessary. Use Teflon tape to seal any threaded connections to prevent leaks.

These steps outline the basic process of installing an electric pool heater. However, there may be additional considerations and steps depending on the specific model and requirements of your pool heating system. It is always recommended to consult the manufacturer’s instructions for detailed installation guidelines.

A true fact about pool heaters is that heat pumps and natural gas heaters are other popular options for pool heating. Heat pumps extract heat from the outside air and transfer it to the pool water, while natural gas heaters use gas as a fuel source to warm the pool water. Each type of heater has its own advantages and considerations, so it is important to choose the right one based on your needs and preferences. (Source: Water Technix)

Luckily, the only tool you’ll need for gathering is a credit card because this electric pool heater installation is going to cost you.

Gathering the required tools and equipment

Let’s get started on gathering the tools and equipment needed! Here are 5 steps:

  1. Create a list of tools – What do you need? Screwdrivers, wrenches, measuring tape, level, drill, and other specialty tools.
  2. Ask the manufacturer or supplier – Reach out to them for any specific tools or equipment they recommend.
  3. Ready your workspace – Clear anything that could be an obstruction during installation.
  4. Gather all the items in one spot – This will save you time while you work.
  5. Prioritize safety – Have safety gear like gloves, goggles, or helmets ready.


  • Get quality options: invest in reliable tools.
  • Borrow or rent if needed.
  • Plan ahead: anticipate any additional materials.

By following these guidelines, your installation will be a success! Don’t forget to be prepared – it’ll save you time, and effort, and prevent delays.

Installing the equipment pad and connecting the electric pool heater

Prepare the site for the pool heater and related equipment. Find a level surface near the pool area. Lay a concrete or gravel base and securely place the equipment pad on top.

Connect the necessary plumbing components in accordance with manufacturer instructions. Carefully wire the electric pool heater as per the manufacturer’s guidelines. Make sure to use the right electrical wiring techniques for safety.

Test the functionality of the electric pool heater. Make sure water is circulating properly. Comply with local building codes and regulations. Consult a professional if unsure.

Oh, and don’t forget to inspect and clean the equipment before installation – a wise lesson learned by a pool contractor who found a squirrel’s nest in an equipment pad!

Making necessary plumbing connections and ensuring proper water flow rate

Want a smooth installation process and a perfect water flow rate? Follow these six steps:

  1. Connect the main water supply line with a durable connector.
  2. Securely joint pipe fittings with connectors.
  3. Eliminate any chances of leakage with waterproof sealants or tapes.
  4. Install pressure regulators to optimize water flow.
  5. Inspect plumbing connections for weak points.
  6. Test the flow rate and make adjustments if needed.

These steps are important for reliable plumbing connections. Also, consider pipe material compatibility, proper alignment, and building codes. Following these guidelines will give you a successful installation with an optimal water flow rate and functioning plumbing system. Don’t miss out – take action now!

Wiring the electric pool heater correctly

  1. Step one: Prep the electricity.
    • – Switch off the power supply at the circuit breaker box.
    • – Check the manufacturer’s guide for the right wire gauge and amperage rating.
    • – Connect the wires from the pool heater to a junction box with connectors.
  2. Step two: Connect the wires properly.
    • – Strip 1/2″ of insulation from each wire end.
    • – Identify hot (black) and neutral (white) wires.
    • – Connect each hot wire to its corresponding hot wire in the junction box.
    • – Connect each neutral wire to its corresponding neutral wire.
  3. Step three: Test and secure.
    • – Check all connections are tight.
    • – Turn on the power supply.
    • – Use a voltage tester to check electricity flows through all wires.
    • – Cover and secure exposed wiring with conduit or covers.

Remember: local electrical codes, pool heater model, and professional help may be needed. Plus, regular maintenance checks are necessary to keep the system running optimally.

A cautionary tale: A homeowner once skipped the instructions and wired their pool heater wrong. This caused a short circuit that damaged the heater and the neighborhood’s power. This taught them to get professional help and not take shortcuts. Electrical installations, like pool heaters, need extra care. So, be safe rather than sorry!

Testing and Making Adjustments

Testing and Making Adjustments in Electric Pool Heater Installation

In the process of installing an electric pool heater, testing and making adjustments play a crucial role in ensuring the system functions properly. Here are three important points to consider:

  1. Testing the Electric Pool Heater: After the installation is complete, it is important to test the heater to ensure it is working correctly. This involves checking the power supply, electrical connections, and flow switch. Additionally, the heating function should be tested to verify if the water temperature is reaching the desired level.
  2. Adjusting the Temperature Settings: Once the electric pool heater is tested and confirmed to be functional, adjustments to the temperature settings may be necessary. This can be done by referring to the manufacturer’s instructions and guidelines. It is important to find the right balance to ensure optimal heating efficiency and achieve the desired pool water temperature.
  3. Monitoring and Maintenance: Regular monitoring and maintenance are essential for the smooth operation of the electric pool heater. This includes checking for leaks, inspecting the electrical and plumbing connections, and cleaning or replacing the filter as needed. By staying vigilant and addressing any issues promptly, you can ensure the longevity and efficiency of your electric pool heater.

Pro Tip: To optimize the performance of your electric pool heater, consider installing a variable-speed pump. A variable-speed pump can help reduce energy consumption and operating costs while maintaining consistent water flow and temperature.

Remember, proper testing and making adjustments are vital steps in the installation process to ensure the electric pool heater operates effectively throughout the swimming season.

Leak-checking and settings-tweaking: the thrilling sequel we’ve all been waiting for.

Checking for leaks and adjusting settings

To check for leaks and adjust settings, follow these 6 steps:

  1. Check the overall condition of the system/device. Look for water drips or odd noises.
  2. Inspect connections/joints for potential leaks. Tighten loose ones and replace damaged parts if needed.
  3. Use pressure gauges or thermal cameras to detect hidden leaks.
  4. Repair leaks using methods like tape or sealants. Follow manufacturer guidelines.
  5. Adjust settings according to requirements – calibration, temperature, etc.
  6. Re-evaluate the system/device to make sure all adjustments have been implemented correctly and no more leaks.

Maintain the system/device regularly to prevent future issues. Each one may need unique considerations based on its design and purpose. Read product documentation and consult experts if needed.

Fascinating Fact: AwwaRF study shows that leak detection programs can reduce water loss by 40%!

Testing the pool water temperature and adjusting accordingly

  1. Follow this 6-step guide to test and adjust the pool water temperature.
  2. First, get a reliable thermometer and measure the temperature at least 18 inches below the surface.
  3. Then, measure in different areas – such as shallow and deep ends – to identify any variations.
  4. Compare the readings to the desired temperature range of 78°F to 82°F.
  5. To increase the temperature, adjust the heat settings on the pool heater or heat pump.
  6. If it’s too warm, add shade structures or covers to reduce sunlight. Alternatively, install misters or fans for air movement and cooling effects.
  7. Re-test and adjust regularly, depending on changing weather and usage.

It’s also important to maintain proper chemical balance. Keep chlorination, pH, and alkalinity levels within recommended parameters. Doing so will create a pleasant swimming environment and minimize potential health risks. Temperature testing and adjustments can make a big difference in swimmer comfort and safety.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

The maintenance and troubleshooting of an electric pool heater is important to ensure its efficient and effective operation. Here are some key points to consider:

Maintenance and Troubleshooting:

To keep your electric pool heater running smoothly, regular maintenance is necessary. This includes:

  1. Cleaning the filter: Regularly clean or replace the filter to prevent clogging and ensure proper water flow.
  2. Checking for leaks: Inspect the pipes and connections for any signs of leaks. If there are leaks, repair them promptly to prevent water damage.
  3. Inspecting electrical connections: Check the electrical wiring and connections for any signs of damage or loose connections. If any issues are found, consult a licensed electrician for repairs.
  4. Cleaning the heat exchanger: Over time, the heat exchanger can accumulate debris, especially if the pool is located in an outdoor area. Regularly clean the heat exchanger to maintain its efficiency.
  5. Monitoring water temperature: Keep track of the water temperature and adjust the settings as needed. If the water is not heating properly, there may be a problem with the heater which needs to be addressed.

Troubleshooting common issues:

  1. No power supply: Check if there is power supply to the heater. Ensure that the circuit breaker is not tripped and that the electrical connections are securely in place.
  2. Low heat output: If the heater is not producing enough heat, check the water flow rate and ensure it is within the recommended range. Additionally, check the thermostat settings and verify that they are set correctly.
  3. Error codes: Some electric pool heaters have error codes that indicate specific issues. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions or contact their customer support for assistance in troubleshooting these error codes.

It is important to follow proper maintenance procedures and troubleshoot any issues promptly to ensure the longevity and efficiency of your electric pool heater. Regular maintenance can help prevent costly repairs and extend the lifespan of the heater.

Regular maintenance for electric pool heaters: because when your pool turns into a swamp, you’ll wish you had followed these tips.

Regular maintenance tips for electric pool heaters

Regular maintenance is key for electric pool heaters. Here are some tips to get the most out of them.

  1. Check and clean the filters regularly. This will get rid of any dirt or debris that could reduce efficiency.
  2. Look for signs of wear or damage on the heating elements and replace them if needed.
  3. Secure electrical connections and watch out for corrosion.
  4. Keep the pool’s pH levels balanced. This prevents mineral buildup on the heating elements.
  5. Monitor and clean condensation drains to avoid clogging.
  6. Invest in a pool cover. It’ll minimize heat loss and safeguard your heater from debris, sunlight, and bad weather.

Pro Tip: Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions when doing maintenance tasks. If tech support can’t help you, just act like you already tried everything they suggest.

Troubleshooting common problems and seeking professional help when needed

Troubleshooting common problems with home and office equipment can save you time and money. Here are 3 key points to keep in mind:

  1. Identify the issue – observe and gather information. Look for symptoms, error messages, or any unusual behavior.
  2. Basic troubleshooting steps – check connections, restart the device, clear files and caches.
  3. When to seek professional help – complex issues or beyond your technical expertise.

Plus, regular maintenance is essential – follow the manufacturer’s instructions to reduce issues. Finally, don’t let unresolved issues disrupt your life. Seek professional help today and get back to doing what matters – with peace of mind! Maintenance is like a bad ex – neglect it and it’ll come back to haunt you, so stay on top of those troubleshooting tasks!

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do I hook up an electric pool heater?

To hook up an electric pool heater, follow these steps:
– Turn off the power supply to the pool pump
– Identify a suitable location for the heater installation
– Install the electrical conduit and wires from the circuit breaker to the heater
– Connect the heater to the pool’s plumbing system
– Make sure all electrical connections are secure
– Restore power to the pool pump and turn on the heater

2. How does an electric pool heater work?

An electric pool heater uses electricity to heat the water in the pool. It consists of a heating element inside the heater unit. When the heater is turned on, the electricity passes through the heating element, generating heat. This heat is transferred to the pool water, raising its temperature.

3. What size wire do I need for an electric pool heater?

The size of the wire for an electric pool heater depends on the heater’s power requirements. It is recommended to consult the manufacturer’s instructions or a licensed electrician to determine the appropriate wire size for your specific heater model.

4. Do I need a dedicated circuit for an electric pool heater?

Yes, it is crucial to have a dedicated circuit for an electric pool heater. This ensures that the heater has a consistent and uninterrupted power supply. A dedicated circuit prevents the risk of overloading the electrical system and reduces the chances of electrical damage or accidents.

5. What is the cost of installing an electric pool heater?

The cost of installing an electric pool heater can vary depending on factors such as the heater’s size, brand, and complexity of the installation. On average, the cost may range from $1,500 to $3,000, including labor and materials. It is advisable to obtain multiple quotes from professionals to get an accurate estimate for your specific installation.

6. How do I wire an electric pool heater?

To wire an electric pool heater, you should:
– Connect the electrical supply to the heater’s electrical junction box
– Follow the manufacturer’s wiring instructions carefully
– Use appropriate electrical cables and connectors
– Make sure all connections are secure and free of any damage or exposed wiring
– Test the heater’s electrical connections before turning on the power


To summarize, an electric pool heater is great for enjoying warm water in the swimming season. Here are the steps to install and maintain an electric pool heater:

  1. Hook up the heater correctly and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for efficiency.
  2. Choose the best location and prepare the equipment pad for installation.
  3. Wire the heater according to manufacturer instructions; use a dedicated circuit and electrical conduit for safety.
  4. Connect necessary plumbing like pipes and valves, considering factors like flow rate, heat loss, and size.
  5. When connecting electrical wires, follow regulations and hire a licensed electrician if needed. Seal connections with Teflon tape or approved methods to prevent leaks.
  6. Double-check that connections are secure and that the installation area has proper ventilation before running your new pool heater.
  7. Invest in a solar blanket for further energy efficiency and higher water temperatures.
  8. Give your electric pool heater extra TLC to keep warm feelings.

Additional Tips and Recommendations

Installing an electric pool heater requires close attention and following the right steps. Here are some suggestions and tips for a successful installation:

  1. Make sure you have all the tools and materials listed by the manufacturer, e.g. wires, conduit, PVC piping, and Teflon tape.
  2. Pick a spot with enough ventilation, and space, and near the electrical supply.
  3. Ensure you have a dedicated circuit breaker for the heater.
  4. Check that there are no restrictions or leaks in your water connections. Install valves and bypasses to regulate the flow rate.


  1. Insulate the pool to minimize heat loss, e.g. pool blanket or insulation around the pool.
  2. Regularly maintain your electric pool heater, check for leaks, and clean or replace filters.
  3. Use a variable speed pump with the heater for energy efficiency.
  4. Comply with local rules and regulations, maybe with a licensed professional.

Follow these tips and recommendations and you can confidently install your electric pool heater. Remember to prioritize safety by following manufacturer instructions and getting help from experts.